Sermon

2020-03-15

Jesus’ Trial Before Pilate – Part 1

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53 mins
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Introduction

  • There were total of six phases to the trial of Jesus leading up to His execution. Three of them with the Jewish leaders and three of them with the Roman leaders.
    • John 18:24, Matthew 26:66, Matthew 27:1ܝܘܚܢܢ ܝܚ:24، ܡܬܝ ܟܘ:66، ܟܙ:1 
  • Why all of a sudden are they so concerned to get the Romans to execute Jesus?
    • John 18:14ܝܘܚܢܢ ܝܚ:14 

Formal Trial begins by Pilate

1) Part one of the trial: Accusation (vs. 29-33)ܣܡܵܐ ܩܵܕܡܵܝܵܐ ܕܕܝܲܢܬܵܐ: ܥܸܠܬܵܐ (ܓ̰ܪ. 29 – 33)

  • Historical background: In 4 B.C. Herod the Great died - king of Israel. In his will, he divided up his kingdom between his sons. Antipasܐܲܢܛܝܼܦܘܿܣ(Galilee), Philipܦܝܼܠܝܼܦܘܿܣ(Trachonitis) and Archelausܐܲܪܟܼܹܠܹܐܘܿܣ(Judea and Samaria).
  • Archelausܐܲܪܟܼܹܠܹܐܘܿܣ, who was over Judea and Samaria, ruled as a tyrantܙܵܠܝܼܡby extortionܫܩܲܠܬܵܐ ܒܚܲܝܠܵܐand later replaced by Romans by Pontus Pilate.
    • John 19:12ܝܘܚܢܢ ܝܛ:12 
  • Pilate asked for an accusation, they accuse him of questioning their integrity (vs.30)ܐܸܢ ܠܵܐ ܗܵܘܹܐ ܗ݉ܘܵܐ ܥܵܒܼܕܵܢܵܐ ܕܒܝܼܫܬܵܐ: ܐܸܠܘܼܟܼ ܠܹܐ ܣܵܦܵܚ ܗ݉ܘܵܘ ܠܹܗ. 
  • Pilate gave the Jews the right to kill Jesus themselves. (vs. 31)
    • Leviticus 24:16ܟܗܢ̈ܐ ܟܕ:16 
  • Jews quoting the Romans Law (vs. 31)ܠܹܐ ܝܠܵܐ ܒܕܲܣܬܘܿܪ ܐܸܠܲܢ ܠܸܩܛܵܠܵܐ ܠܐܢܵܫܵܐ:
  • Why in the world don’t they just go do what he told them to do? (vs. 32)
    • John 13:32-33ܝܘܚܢܢ ܝܓ:32 – 33 

2) Part two of the trial: Interrogation (vs. 33-37)ܣܡܵܐ ܬܪܲܝ ܕܕܝܲܢܬܵܐ: ܒܘܼܩܵܖܹ̈ܐ (ܓ̰ܪ. 33 – 37)

  • Jesus is asking Pilate if he is now charging him with a crime? (vs. 34)
  • He is not a king because subjects made Him a king; -   He is a king by nature, and He is a king over a spiritual dominion.ܐܲܚܢܵܢ ܠܵܐ ܪܫܸܡܠܲܢ ܡܲܠܟܵܐ: ܟܝܵܢܘܼܗܝ ܝܼܠܹܐ ܡܲܠܟܵܐ
    • Colossians 1:13ܩܘܠܣܝ̈ܐ ܐ:13 
  • “For this I have been born,” that’s His humanity. “For this I come into the world,” that’s His deity.ܐܵܢܵܐ ܠܐܵܗܵܐ ܗ݉ܘܝܼܵܐ ܝܘܸܢ: ܘܠܐܵܗܵܐ ܐܬܹܠܝܼ ܠܥܵܠܡܵܐ:       
    • John 8:31-32ܝܘܚܢܢ ܚ:31 – 32 

3) Part three of the trial: Adjudication (vs.38)ܣܡܵܐ ܬܠܬ݉ ܕܕܝܲܢܬܵܐ: ܕܝܼܘܲܢ (ܓ̰ܪ. 38)

  • He went out to the Jews who were still outside and said to them, ‘Not guilty.
    • John 19:4, 6ܝܘܚܢܢ ܝܛ:4، 6 
    • I Peter 1:19ܐ. ܦܛܪܘܣ ܐ:19 

Conclusion                      John 18:37         37 ... ܟܠ ܡܿܢ ܕܝܼܠܹܐ ܡܼܢ ܣܲܪܲܣܬܘܼܬܵܐ ܟܹܐ ܫܲܡܸܥ ܩܵܠܝܼ.